Wednesday, August 26, 2020
The Realistic Hero Tom Sawyer, the primary character of The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, composed by Mark Twain, is an normal kid who is exhausted with his cultivated life and breaks these requirements by pulling tricks, and pulling different devilish things. The character of Tom, in the most part, is introduced as a sensible and persuading kid. He is caring and adoring, yet in addition brutal, inept, and double-dealing of others on occasion, just as, he appears development throught the story. The tale of Tom Sawyer,as well as being about a reasonable character, is a story that is meddlesome to grown-ups and youngsters. Tom is appeared all through the story as an average kid of his time and spot. He has an adoring, cheerful home, with his gave Aunt Polly to think about him. He is generally confined by his home daily practice of petitions, suppers, errands, sleep time, and things like that, yet when his standard life gets the chance to dull, he has the close by stream what's more, woods, where he can go to get away. In spite of the fact that Tom isn't the model kid of the town, he even abhors the model kid. He pulls innocent tricks on Aunt Polly, Sid, his companions, and everybody around. He takes, lies, takes an impromptu day off, battles, and swims furtively, yet he is a typical kid and this is the thing that ordinary young men do at his age. Tom is a smart, creative kid who has a decent information about human instinct and knows how to utilize it. He consistently outsmarts his Aunt Polly, and furthermore convinces different young men to accomplish his work for him without them in any event, knowing about his cunning. One case of this is in the whitewashing scene, when his Auntie Polly makes him whitewash the outside fence before he is permitted to play. He cleverly conviences the first kid by saying ...I don't perceive any reason why oughtn't care for it. Does a kid get an opportunity to whitewash a fence ordinary? (21) With this guile utilization of words he controls the kid to whitewash the fence, which prompts others additionally participate to help. At long last, Tom has made a clean benefit just as got the whitewashing managed without really doing it. Just as Tom being known as a solid kid, he additionally has fears. He is apprehensive, at different occasions in the book, of being hurt by Injun Joe, starving to death with Becky in the cavern, of black magic, and of demise during the rainstorm when he is sick with the measles. A portion of his feelings of trepidation depend on genuine risks, for example, with Injun Joe. Others are just feelings of trepidation in his psyche. Halfway by karma and incompletely by utilizing his brain and fearlessness, Tom can in the long run triumph over his feelings of trepidation. Tom , who is typically a lively person, some of the time goes off without anyone else to be distant from everyone else and consider his passing. Ususally these dim mind-sets just last an exceptionally brief timeframe, at that point he has returned to his boisterous self. For model, in the wake of being dismissed by Becky, he goes off into his ameliorating woods and considers approaches to get back at her, and even ponders fleeing. In spite of the fact that he gets into these states of mind every so often, a fast visit from his companions he thoroughly overlooks his discouraged state of mind, and depends on his vivacious self. Despite the fact that Tom likes to oppose society and its limitations, he is fundamentally good. He is the nephew of a lady who is the spirit of appropriateness and who is imparted him with these qualities. When Tom computes his tricks and undertakings in term's of society's responses. Toward the finish of the story, he even convinces his closest companion Huck, who is a pariah in the town, to become decent by letting him know Indeed, everyone does that way, Huck. (243) Tom additionally conviences Huck to be decent by telling him he won't let him join his burglar posse in the event that you ain't good. Additionally another part of Tom that is practical is the manner by which he develops throught the story. Tom begins acting immature and flippant and winds up acting progressively develop and mindful. The narrative of Muff Potter starts with Tom and Huck heading off to a memorial park to attempt
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Dissects storys hero as enduring misconstrued craftsman legend in the public eye. This investigation will dissect Franz Kafkas A Hunger Artist, concentrating on the hero as a normally enduring and completely misconstrued craftsman saint in the public arena. What makes the story particularly convincing is the way that the peruser is permitted by Kafka into the cognizance of the craving craftsman. The general public where the hero battles to carry on with an existence of imaginative uprightness may not get him, however the peruser is absolutely given enough knowledge to have the option to start to comprehend what makes this specific man both craftsman and saint. In any case, the yearning craftsman is not really deprived of his riddle by the creator. Kafka uncovers a great part of the manner of thinking of the appetite craftsman, and even, in the close to-last passage of the story, seems to clarify the wellspring of the characters impulse, yet at long last the hero stays a riddle at
Thursday, August 20, 2020
How to Follow-up on a Job Application An Email Template Youâve successfully completed and posted your job resume and are eagerly awaiting the status of your application.Unfortunately, you donât hear back from the recruiting firm and the suspense in your head has reached its limit. In these cases, itâs necessary to take a step back and take a nice long breath and think about how to follow-up with the company.There is a fine line between annoying your potential employer â" by sending numerous unwanted e-mails and trying to ascertain the status of your submitted application.There are certain guidelines to follow before you send the designated e-mail to inquire about your follow-up.HOW SOON IS TOO SOON TO SEND A FOLLOW-UP MAIL ON A JOB APPLICATION?Many candidates often feel uneasy about following up with their hiring managers due to the fear of coming off as âdesperateâ and âhopelessâ. Follow-up emails are a normal procedure to bring the attention of your hiring manager back to your cover letter.However, itâs important to pra ctice restraint and give your cover letter sometime before you send a follow-up email.By following through, you demonstrate a strong will and confidence to your hiring manager that the job means a lot to you. Give yourself a deadline and write it down on a piece of paper. About 7 working days should be ample time for your hiring manager to consider your cover letter and give you a response. If in this time, you havenât heard back, then you need to consider sending a follow-up email.Itâs critical to not wait longer than 7 business days or the hiring process for your job placement may not be available. If youâve sent your job application by email, many companies send back an intimation mail through auto-response systems that confirm your application has been received and give you a response date â" either within 24 hours or 7 business working days.THINGS TO REMEMBER WHILE PREPARING YOUR FOLLOW-UP EMAILPhone or Email?One of the most frequently asked questions is whether you shou ld call the company or send them an email to inquire about your job application status. A phone call should always be your last resort after you hear nothing back from your employer even after youâve sent a follow-up mail.A courtesy email to remind them of your status is always the way forward, an email can better convey your graciousness and intimate them about your job application.Organizations tend to be busy all the time, the recruiter will usually prefer to exchange emails as they can quickly refer to the previous emails to understand who the candidate is. A phone call may not send the right signal as they might refer you back to sending a professional follow-up mail before getting back to your job application.Focus the follow-up mail strictly on the company and not about yourselfWhen writing the follow-up mail, itâs important to remind them exactly why you would make a great choice for their company.Donât talk about your achievements and accomplishments, youâve already mentioned them in your job application. The follow-up mail is about redirecting them back to your job application and giving them a good positive reason for them to hire you.Always remember, the company needs to hire you based on their requirements and not because of what youâve accomplished.Keep the information strictly linear to what they need and ensure you ask any questions that you have regarding the job application status. Politely request a date in which they can provide you with an answer to whether youâve been approved or not.To demonstrate superior qualities, you can also mention them to provide feedback incase theyâve rejected your application. Organizations prefer employees who think ahead in the future and tend to hire them for their insight.Mention youâre available for a face-to-face interview at any time they needIn your follow-up mail, itâs a good idea to mention that you can stop by anytime at their offices to ensure a quick face-to-face interview can be conducted. Mentioning this showcases your confidence and willingness to go the extra mile for landing the job.By following up within a weekâs time you notify them that youâre a person that has clear priorities in life and time is a valuable resource that you donât intend to waste.By mentioning this important piece of information, you place yourself ahead of the competition and can be intimated when a slot opens for them to verify your qualifications and accomplishments. However, do ask them for a one-day heads-up to ensure you can be on time for your first interview.Fine line between being desperate and graciousMany follow-up emails by applicants tend to be overbearing and this tends to be a major turn-off to hiring managers.Have confidence in your abilities, you donât need to send them a mail basically asking them for a hand out on the job. No company likes to give jobs based on your personal life rather than your professional one, so leave out your sorrow tales and maintai n your professional posture.Follow-up emails should strictly be about inquiring your status on your job application and thatâs it. Donât waste valuable sentences and paragraphs describing how hard you worked to be where you are and why you need the job over everyone else.Realistically speaking, everyone works hard to be where they are and hence, apply based on their unique accomplishments to set them apart.ETIQUETTE RULES TO ADHERE TO WHEN FOLLOWING UP ON A JOB APPLICATIONCheck the e-mail address and see if itâs correctWhile sending a follow-up email, itâs necessary to send the application to the correct email. Companies are known to keep various emails to address different issues, ensure you get the right email that corresponds to the hiring manager. If there are multiple emails you can always use the âBlind Carbon Copy or BCCâ option located in your email provider and include all of them.If in doubt, consult the companyâs website or utilize the visiting card if you r eceived one to check for an email address. You can also proceed to call up the company and request the email.Some companies can have an escalation process for follow-up letters that havenât been responded to. Ensure youâve done your research on the company page to sort out the right email from the rest and submit your follow-up email through the right procedure.Be patient, give it at least a week before you decide to follow-upDonât jump the gun, itâs crucial to have patience in sensitive matters such as these. Sometimes, it may take the company more time to analyze a list of candidates before they send out their responses. Other times, it could be an emergency within the company and a delay in sending out your status.Give the company enough time to reply, wait for a week or two and then decide to write a follow-up letter. Ensure you politely request a response and donât resort to any offensive or a non-professional tone.Be confident in your abilities, if you have the right skills, there is absolutely no reason to fret.Keep yourself up-to-date with your email templatesOne of the biggest nuisances that employers face daily is the fact that candidates send them a boring wall of text with an atrocious email template that doesnât match a professional tone. Choose simple background colors and eye-friendly fonts to catch the readerâs attention. Ensure the colors are bright and not dark to add a positive influence.Always update yourself with the latest email templates, donât use email templates that are outdated. Avoid trying to send a white paper background as this is the most common type of job application letter that managers see. By beautifying your letter, you show your employer that you are unique and have something distinct from the rest.Proofread the entire letter and eliminate errorsYour follow-up mail should contain no grammatical mistakes and should be short and concise. Do mention the follow-up procedure if you happen to send an email via t he subject line. Think of this as your second âFirstâ impression to your employer and you need to impress them if you are going to land the job.Utilize online tools to ensure your follow-up mail is free from spelling errors. If youâre using âMicrosoft Wordâ, ensure the automatic proofreader is turned on to fish out your weak grammatical verbs for you. Spend enough time to edit, refine, and improvise your letter. As a matter of fact, read your letter in your own voice to know if there is a weak phrase that you need to eliminate.Be Polite and GraciousDonât resort to an aggressive attitude and begin accusing your employer of delaying the process. Your application could not be read due to a very busy schedule on their end or an emergency. By trying to accuse, you show exactly why you werenât picked and you might also end up being blacklisted by the company.Maintain a gracious tone and show them why youâd be a perfect fit for the company by trying to understand why they w erenât able to read your application letter. Never send recycled emails that were written by you for a previous company to send to your current hiring manager. Always write a fresh follow-up mail personalizing the company you are applying to.Here are actionable strategies that you can use to write your follow up letters. The information is compiled by Alex Berman in an easy-to-follow video guide. ALL THE INFORMATION YOU NEED TO CREATE AN E-MAIL TEMPLATE FOR FOLLOWING UPThe following sections are some of the most important aspects to consider while writing a job application.Hiring Managerâs NameAlways mention your hiring managerâs name and if you donât have an official name, you can proceed to add âTo whosoever, it may concernâ or âRespect Sir/Madamâ as a reference.Position TitleMention the job description youâve applied to and make it clear. Itâs critical to mention the job description in your subject line while sending the email.Company NameThe name of the compa ny you are applying to. Address the company at the start of the email to ensure you have written a fresh email putting them in the perspective.Subject (Email Only)If you are sending your follow-up letter by email, itâs necessary to write an appealing subject line so the contact in question understands at first glance what the email is about. As a rule of thumb, always mention your full name along with the job description as the subject line, unless mentioned otherwise.Your Contact InformationYour current address and full name so the company can contact you. Ensure you enter the correct pin code, if the company sends you a package it will be addressed here. You should also provide an alternate contact number along with your primary number, just in case.ParagraphsEnsure you follow good formatting rules and use paragraphs often to separate information. By doing this, you ensure the reader can absorb exactly what is written in the letter without him having to re-read the letter all ov er again.Try to keep your paragraphs limited to just 5-6 sentences each to ensure concise text.Signature and DateYour signature is required to ensure itâs really you that is writing the letter and you can also place the date either at the start of the letter or next to the signature. Ensure you double check the date to eliminate any embarrassing incidents.In the next section, a sample letter is provided utilizing all the above sections to give you an understanding of how to write a formal job application.A SAMPLE FOLLOW-UP LETTERThe following e-mail is a sample letter for applicants to grasp the idea of creating a professional job application and how to place information in their respective sections.[Hiring Manager Name] [Hiring Company Name] [Hiring Company Address] (example below)Mr. Adam Bell ABC Company 695Eddy St #269 San Francisco, CA 94016[Current Date]Dear [Hiring Manager Name],I submitted a letter of application and a resume earlier this month for the position of [Job Des cription] advertised in the San Francisco Chronicle. To date, I havenât heard back from your company. I would kindly like you to take the time and request the confirmation of the same.I have a keen interest in working at [Hiring Company Name], and I fully believe my skills and experience are a capable match for this position. My seven years as an award-winning [Job Description]at [Former Company Name] make me a strong fit for this position and company.Please let me know if you need any further materials from me.I can be reached at [Your Contact Number] or [Your E-mail]. I look forward to hearing from you.Thank you for your consideration.Sincerely,Signature (hard copy letter)[Your Signature][Your Name]Here is a YouTube video of noted Job coaching expert â" Melanie Szlucha. She has plenty of useful tips on offer on how to write a follow-up application. CONCLUDING THOUGHTSWhile it can feel like a lifetime has passed, the best you can do is wait after youâve sent your follow-up le tter. The worst-case scenario is you get rejected and you donât lose anything but get your hopes up and pick up where you left off. The best-case scenario being you end up in your dream job and youâve set up your professional career for a great start.Always remember to face your challenges whether you receive good or bad news. A follow-up letter can do wonders instead of giving up altogether. Itâs easier to misunderstand and think that your resume was rejected but there are a 100 reasons to why your job application hasnât turned up with a response.
Sunday, May 24, 2020
Its common in banking and business to use abbreviations for a wide range of specific business expressions. Youll find each expression followed by the appropriate abbreviations below. Remember that abbreviations and acronyms are used differently in English. Abbreviations are used to replace words or expressions while acronyms simply take the first letter of each word. Its true that some abbreviations are acronyms, but not all. Common Banking and Business Abbreviations Against all risks a.a.r.Account a/cAccount current A/CAccommodation ACC/ACCOMAccount acct.Actual cash value a.c.v.After date a.d.Addition/Additional add.Advise adv.Air freight bill a.f.b.Agency agcy.Agent agt.Air mail transfer a.m.t.Account of a/oAccounts payable A.P.Authority to pay A/PAccounts receivable A.R.All risks a/rArrive/Arriving arr.Arrange/Arrangement/Arranging arr/arrng.Approximate/Approximately approx.Account sales A/S, A.S.At sight a/sAs soon as possible asapAttention attn.Atomic weight at. wt.Average av.Actual weight a/wAir waybill a.w.b.Balance bal.Barrel bar.Barrel bbl.Brought down b/dBill of exchange B/E, b/eBrought forward b/fBefore bfor.Bill of health B.H.Bank bk.Brokerage bkge.Bill of lading B/LBrought over b/oBills payable B.P.By procuration b.p.Bills receivable B.R.Balance sheet B/SBerth terms b.t.Bushel bu.Book value B/VCirca: centaire ca.Chartered accountant C.A.Current account c.a.Cash against documents C.A .D.Cash book C.B.Cash before delivery C.B.D.Carbon copy c.c.Carried down c/dCum dividend c.d.Carried forward c/fCompare cfCost and freight c fClearing house C/HCustom house C.H.Charges forward ch. fwd.Charges paid ch. pd.Charges prepaid ch. ppd.Cheque, check chq.Cost, insurance, freight c. i. f.Cost, insurance, freight and commission c.i.f. c.Cost, insurance, freight, and interest c.i.f. i.Car load c.l.Call of more C/mCredit note C/NCare of c/oCompany co.Cash on delivery C.O.D.Commission comm.Corporation corp.Cash on shipment C.O.S.Carriage paid C.P.Charter party C/PCharters pay duties c.p.d.Corporation cpn.Credit; creditor cr.Cable transfer C/TConstructive total loss c.t.l.Constructive total loss only c.t.l.o.Cumulative cum.Cum dividend cum div.Cumulative preference cum. pref.Commercial weight c/wCash with order C.W.O.Hundredweight cwt.Documents against acceptance; deposit account D/ADocuments against payment DAPDebenture db.Deferred d ef.Department dept.Dead freight d.f.Draft dft.Draft attached dtf/a.Clean draft dft/c.Discount disc.Dividend div.Dayletter DLDaily letter telegram DLTDebit note D/NDelivery order D/ODitto do.Dozen doz.Documents against payment D/PDebtor dr.Doctor Dr.Days after sight d/s, d.s.Deadweight d.w.Dock warrant D/WPennyweight dwt.Dozen dz.European Currency Unit ECUEast European Time E.E.T.For example e.g.Enclosure encl.Endorsement end.Errors and omissions excepted E. O.E.End of month e.o.m.Except otherwise herein provided e.o.h.p.Especially esp.Esquire Esq.Established est.Out exex coupon ex cp.Ex dividend ex div.ex interest ex. int.ex new (shares) ex h.ex store ex stre.ex wharf ex whf.Free of all average f.a.a.Fast as can f.a.c.Freight all kinds f.a.k.Fair average quality; free alongside quay f.a.q.Frequently asked questions F.a.q.Free alongside ship f.a.s.For cash f/cFree of capture and seizure f.c. s.Free of capture, seizure, riots, and civil commotion f.c.s.r. c.c.Free delivery to dock F.D.Free discharge f.d.Following; folios ff.Free of general average f.g.a.Free in bunker f.i.b.Free in and out f.i.o.Free in truck f.i.t.Free on board f.o.b.Free of charge f.o.c.Free of damage f.o.d.Following; folio fol.Free on quay f.o.q.Free on rail f.o.r.Free on streamer f.o.s.Free on truck(s) f.o.t.Free on wagons; free on wharf f.o.w.Floating policy F.P.Fully paid f.p.Free of particular average f.p.a.Freight frt.Freight paid frt. pd.Freight prepaid frt. ppd.Freight forward frt. fwd.Foot ft.Forward fwd.Foreign exchange f.x.General average g.a.Goods in bad order g.b.o.Good merchantable brand g.m.b.Good merchantable quality g.m.q.Greenwich Mean Time G.M.T.Gross national product GNPGood ordinary brand g.o.b.Gross gr.Gross register ton GRTGross weight gr. wt.Gross tonnage GTHome consumption h.c.Height hgt.Hogshead hhd.Head office H.O.Hire purchase H.P.Horsepower HPHeight ht.Integrated data pro cessing IDPThat is i.e.Insufficient funds I/FIndicated horsepower i.h.p.Import imp.Incorporated Inc.Inclusive incl.Interest int.Invoice inv.I owe you I.O.U.Joint account J/A, j.a.Junior Jr.Kilovolt KVKilowat KWKilowatt hour KWhLetter of credit L/C, l.c.Telegram in the language of the country of destination LCDTelegram in the language of the country of origin LCOLanding; loading ldg.Long ton l.t.Limited Ltd.Long ton l. tn.Month m.My account m/aMaximum max.Memorandum of deposit M.D.Months after date M/D, m.d.Memorandum memo.Plural of Mr. Messrs.Manufacturer mfr.Minimum min.Minimum lending rate MLRMoney order M.O.My order m.o.Mortgage mortg.Months after payment M/P, m.p.Mates receipt M/RMonths sight M/S, m.s.Mail transfer M.T.Making-up price M/UName; noiminal n.No account n/aNo advice N/ANo commercial value n.c.v.No date n.d.Not elsewhere specified n.e.s.No funds N/FNight letter NLNo noting N/NNo orders N/ONumber no.Not otherwise enume rated n.o.e.Numbers nos.No par value NPVNumber nr.Net register ton n.r.t.Not sufficient funds N/SNot sufficient funds NSFNet weight n. wt.On account o/aOverseas common point OCPOn demand; overdraft O/D, o/dOmissions excepted o.e.Overhead o/hOr nearest offer ono.Order of O/oOpen policy O.P.Out of print; overproof o.p.Owners risk O/R, o.r.Order, ordinary ord.Out of stock O.S., o/sOvertime OTPage; per: premium p.Particular average: per annum P.A., p.a.Power of attorney; private account P/APhase alternation line PALPatent-pending pat. pend.Pay as you earn PAYEPetty cash p/cPecent; price current p.c.Parcel pcl.Paid pd.Preferred pf.Package pkg.Profit and loss P/LPartial loss p.l.Promissory note P/NPost office; postal order P.O.Post office box P.O.B.Post office order P.O.O.Pay on return p.o.r.Pages pp.Postage and packing p pPer procuration p. proPrepaid ppd.Prompt ppt.Preference pref.Proximo prox.Postscript P.S.Payment pt.Please turn over P.T.O., p.t.o.Partly paid ptly. pd.Par value p.v.Quality qulty.Quantity qty.Riot and civil commotions r. c.c.Refer to drawer R/DRunning down clause R.D.C.In regard toÃ reReceived; receipt rec.Received recd.Redeemable red.Reference ref.Registered reg.Returned retd.Revenue rev.Refused on deliveryÃ R.O.D.Reply paid R.P.Revolutions per second r.p.s.Please reply RSVPRight side up with care R.S.W.C.Railway RyStamped addressed envelope s.a.e.Stock at valuation S.A.V.Sea damaged S/DSight draft S/D, s.d.Without date s.d.Special drawing rights SDRSigned sgd.Sundays and holidays excepted s. h. exShipment shipt.Signature sig.Sue and labor clause S/LC, s l.c.Shiping note S/NSellers option s.o.Standard operating procedure s.o.p.Spot spt.Senior Sr.Steamship S.S., s.s.Short ton s.t.Sterling ster.Stock exchange St. Ex.Sterling stg.Sub voce s.v.Telegraphic address T.A.Trial balance T.B.Telephone tel.Temporary secretary temp.Total loss T.L., t.l.T otal loss only T.L.O.Multiple telegram TMTurn over T.O.Transfer tr.Telegram to be called for TRTrust receipt TR, T/RTelegraphic transfer (cable) TT, T.T.Telex TXUrgent UGTUnder separate cover u.s.c.Underwriters U/wsVolt v.Value val.Value-added tax v.a.t.Very good vg.Very high frequency VHFVery highly recommended v.h.r.Wat w.With average WAWaybill W.B.Without charge w.c.West European Time W.E.T.Weight guaranteed wg.Warehouse whse.With other goods w.o.g.Weather permitting; without prejudice W.P.With particular average w.p.a.War risk W.R.Warehouse receipt W/R, wr.Weather working day W.W.D.Weight wt.ex coupon x.c.ex dividend x.d.ex interest x.i.ex new shares x.n.Year y.Yard yd.Year yr.Yearly yrly.
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
Sample details Pages: 2 Words: 720 Downloads: 4 Date added: 2017/09/18 Category Management Essay Type Argumentative essay Did you like this example? DIRECTING Directing is the process that many people would most relate to managing. It is the act of supervising or leading workers to accomplish the goals of the organization. Furthermore, it is a process of influencing peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior through motivation, communication, group dynamics, leadership and discipline. The purpose of directing is to channel the behavior of all personnel to accomplish the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s mission and objectives while simultaneously helping them accomplish their own career objectives. Consequently, directing includes the following functions the manager plays an active rather than passive role in employee performance, conduct, and accomplishments; the manager has a sensed responsibility of helping people in the organization accomplish their individual career goals; motivation; communication; performance appraisal; discipline; and conflict management. There are four ways to effectively carry out the managerial function of directing. First, to issue orders that are clear, complete, and within the capabilities of the subordinates; to define assignments; and to provide guidelines. Second, to provide an incessant training activity in which subordinates are given instructions. Third, to motivate workers to meet the expectations of the manager. Fourth, to maintain discipline; reward those who perform well; provide positive feedback; and be sincere throughout. To determine how good are the results that you get out of your subordinates, output or production; quality and workmanship; and cost and budget are to be considered. The different approaches in directing subordinates are as follows: train unskilled subordinates; consider your subordinates ideas; be accessible; listen actively and ask follow up questions; accept bad news as well as good ones; show that you value an opinion; and assume a Ã¢â¬Å"take chargeÃ¢â¬â¢ role in cases of emergency. The manager must be able to motivate heÃ¢â¬â¢s employees in order to get things done. Motivation results from the existence of a personÃ¢â¬â¢s needs and the fulfillment of those needs. A need is an unfulfilled physiological or sychological desire of an individual. Several personalities proposed their own ideas regarding motivation and related it to management. Abraham Maslow, well known for his Hierarchy of Needs, identified five levels of human needs. These basic needs that motivate people to act in ways they do are the physiological, safety, social/belonging/love, esteem, and self actualization needs. Esteem and self actualization needs satisfy the higher order needs whereas physiological, safety, and social/belonging/love needs satisfy the lower order of needs. Frederick Herzberg introduced the Motivator or Hygiene Approach and classified needs into two factors: Motivation Factors, which are needed to motivate employee into higher performance; and Hygiene Factors that ensures the prevention of employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s dissatisfaction. David McClell and also had his own approach regarding motivation which was called as Needs-based Motivation Model. Here he identified three needs that are vital to motivation, found to varying degrees in all workers or managers, and characterizes individual style and behavior. This includes the need for achievement (n-ach), need for power (n-pow), and need for affiliation (n-affil). Victor Vroom presented the Expectancy Theory which assumes that behavior results from conscious choices among alternatives whose purpose is to maximize and minimize pain. It say that individuals have different sets of goals and can be motivated if they believe that: there is a positive correlation between efforts and performance, favorable performance will result in a desirable reward, the reward will satisfy an important need, and the desire to satisfy the need is strong enough to make the effort worthwhile. Harold Leavitt, an author and management expert advocated a more democratic approach to organizational d ecision-making but also concluded that people in large groups work through a chain of command. He devoted much of his research to studying the dynamics of group decision making but found that hierarchical structures were unavoidable and probably necessary. He concluded that hierarchy remained Ã¢â¬Å"the best method ever invented for solving complicated problems. Communication is the ability to communicate with all people with whom the eader comes into regular contact; the ability to communicate continuously; the ability to use language which those on the receiving end will be able to understand and respond to. It transfers information and enhances understanding among individuals and groups. The elements of communication are medium, message, speaker, listener, feedback, interference, and context. Communication techniques include effective speaking, effective learning, feedback, and alert to nonverbal signals. Barriers encompass physical, psychological, cultural, attitudes and behavio ral aspects. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Directing as a process" essay for you Create order
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
A fighter knows instinctively when thereÃ¢â¬â¢s no chance. But Rashel planned to fight anyway. And then she noticed something wrong. We will write a custom essay sample on Night World : The Chosen Chapter 16 or any similar topic only for you Order Now The vampires should have caught it first. Then-senses were sharper. But their senses were turned inward, focused on the victims in front of them. Rashel was the only one whose senses were turned outward, alert to everything but focused on nothing. There was a smell that was wrong and a sound. The smell was sharp, stinging, and close by. The sound was soft, distant, but recognizable. Gasoline. She could smell gasoline. And she could hear a faint dull roar that sounded like the fireplace in the gathering room-but was coming from somewhere else in the house. It didnÃ¢â¬â¢t make sense. She didnÃ¢â¬â¢t understand. But she believed it. Ã¢â¬Å"Quinn, get ready to run,Ã¢â¬ she said, a gasp on a soft breath. Something was about to happen. No, we have to fight- His thought to her broke off. Rashel turned to look at the doorway. Hunter Redfern had moved into the gathering room-but there was someone in the hall. Then the someone stepped forward and Rashel could see her face. Nyala was smiling brilliantly. Her small queenly head was high and her dark eyes were flashing. She was holding a red gasoline can in one hand and a liter of grapefruit juice in the other. The bottle was almost full of liquid and had a burning rag stuffed in the top. Gas. Gas from the pump on the wharf, Rashel thought. A Generation-X Molotov cocktail. Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s all over the house,Ã¢â¬ Nyala said, and her voice was lilting. Ã¢â¬Å"Gallons and gallons. All over the rooms and the doors.Ã¢â¬ But she shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be hanging on to it, Rashel thought. That bottle is going to explode. Ã¢â¬Å"You see, I am a real vampire hunter, Rashel. I figure this way, we get rid of them all at once.Ã¢â¬ And the house is already burningÃ¢â¬ ¦. Behind the carved screen on the right side of the room, ruddy light was flickering, growing. The faint roar that had disturbed Rashel was louder now. Closer. And everythingÃ¢â¬â¢s wood, Rashel thought. Wood paneling, wood floors. Frame house. A deathtrap for vampires. Ã¢â¬Å"Get her,Ã¢â¬ Hunter Redfern said. But none of the vampires charged toward Nyala with her about-to-explode bottle of death and her can of fire accelerant. In fact, they were backing away, moving to the perimeter of the room. Hunter spun to face Nyala directly. You need to put that down, he began in telepathic tones of absolute authority-at the same time Rashel shouted, Ã¢â¬Å"Nyala, no-Ã¢â¬Å" The sound of telepathy seemed to set something off in Nyala. Flashing a dazzling savage smile, she smashed the grapefruit juice bottle at his feet. With almost the same motion, she threw the gasoline can, too. It was flying in a graceful arc toward the fireplace, spinning, spilling liquid, and vampires were scattering to try to get out of the way. And then everything was exploding-or maybe erupting was a better word. It was as if a dragon had breathed suddenly into the room, sending a roaring gale of fire through it. But Rashel didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have time to watch-she and Quinn were both diving. Quinn was diving for the floor past Nyala, trying to drag Rashel with him. Rashel was diving for Timmy. She didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know why. She didnÃ¢â¬â¢t think about it consciously. She simply had to do it. She hit Timmy with the entire force of her body and knocked him to the floor. She covered him as the fire erupted behind her. Then she scrambled to her knees, her arm locked around his chest. Everything was noise and heat and confusion. Vampires were yelling at each other, running, shoving each other. The ones whoÃ¢â¬â¢d been splattered with gas were on fire, trying to put it out, getting in one anotherÃ¢â¬â¢s way. Ã¢â¬Å"Come on!Ã¢â¬ Quinn said, pulling Rashel up. Ã¢â¬Å"I know a way outside.Ã¢â¬ Rashel looked for Nyala. She didnÃ¢â¬â¢t see her. As Quinn dragged her into the hall, she saw dark smoke come billowing from the dining-room area. The hall was bathed in reddish light. Ã¢â¬Å"Come on!Ã¢â¬ Quinn was pulling her across the hall, through the smoke. Into a room that was full of orange flames. Ã¢â¬Å"Quinn-Ã¢â¬Å" Timmy was kicking and struggling in RashelÃ¢â¬â¢s arms. Yelling at her. She kept her grip on him. And she went with Quinn. She had to trust him. He knew the house. She hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t realized how frightening fire was, though. It was like a beast with hot shriveling breath. It seemed alive and it seemed to want to get her, roaring out at her from unexpected places. And it spread so fast. Rashel would never have believed it could move so quickly through a house, even a house soaked with gasoline. In a matter of minutes the building had become an inferno. Everywhere she looked, there was fire, smoke, and a horrifying reflection of flames. They were on the other side of the room now, and Quinn was kicking at a door. His sleeve was on fire. Rashel twisted her hand out of his and beat at it to put it out. She almost lost hold of Timmy. Then the door was swinging outward and cool air was rushing in and the fire was roaring like a crazy thing to meet it. She was simply running, in panic, her only thought to hold on to Timmy and to stay with Quinn. They were out. But she smelled burning. And now Quinn was grabbing her, rolling her over and over on the sandy unpaved road. Rashel realized, dimly, that her clothes were on fire in back. Quinn stopped rolling her. Rashel sat up, tried to glance at her own back, then looked for Timmy. He was crouched on the road, staring at the house. Rashel could see flames coming out of the windows. Smoke was pouring upward and everything seemed as bright as daylight beneath it. Ã¢â¬Å"Are you all right?Ã¢â¬ Quinn said urgently. He was looking her over. RashelÃ¢â¬â¢s whole body was washed with adrenaline and her heart was pounding insanely. But she couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t take her eyes off the house. She stumbled to her feet. Ã¢â¬Å"NyalaÃ¢â¬â¢s in there! I have to get her.Ã¢â¬ Quinn looked at her as if she were raving. Rashel just shook her head and started helplessly toward the house. She didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to go anywhere near it. She knew the fire wanted her dead. But she couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t leave Nyala in there to burn. Then Quinn was shoving her roughly back. Ã¢â¬Å"You stay here. IÃ¢â¬â¢ll get her.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"No! I have to-Ã¢â¬Å" Ã¢â¬Å"You have to watch Timmy! Look, heÃ¢â¬â¢s getting away!Ã¢â¬ Rashel whirled. She didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have any clear idea of where Timmy might be getting away to-but he was on his feet and moving. Toward the house, then away from it. She grabbed for him again. When she turned back toward Quinn, Quinn was gone. No-there he was, darting into the house. Timmy was screaming again, kicking in her arms. Ã¢â¬Å"I hate you!Ã¢â¬ he shouted. Ã¢â¬Å"Let go of me! Why did you take me out?Ã¢â¬ Rashel stared at the house. Quinn was inside now. In that holocaust of flame. And heÃ¢â¬â¢d gone because of her, to save her from going herself. Please, she thought suddenly and distinctly. Please donÃ¢â¬â¢t let him die. The flames were roaring higher. The night was brilliant with them. Fire was raining in little burning bits from the sky, and RashelÃ¢â¬â¢s nose and eyes stung. She knew she should get farther back, but she couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t. She had to watch for Quinn. Ã¢â¬Å"Why? I hate you! Why did you take me out?Ã¢â¬ Rashel looked at the strange little creature in her arms, the one that was biting and kicking as if it wanted to go back into the burning house. She didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know what Timmy had become-some weird combination of child, adult, and animal, apparently. And she didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know what kind of future he could possibly have. But she did know, now, why sheÃ¢â¬â¢d brought him out. She looked at the childish face, the angry eyes full of hate. Ã¢â¬Å"Because my mom told me to take care of you,Ã¢â¬ she whispered. And then she was crying. She was holding him and sobbing. Timmy didnÃ¢â¬â¢t try to hold her back, but he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t bite her anymore either. Still sobbing, Rashel looked over his head toward the house. Everything was burning. And Quinn was still insideÃ¢â¬ ¦. Then she saw a figure silhouetted against the flames. Two figures. One holding the other, half carrying it. Ã¢â¬Å"Quinn!Ã¢â¬ He was running toward her, supporting Nyala. They were both covered with soot. Nyala was swaying, laughing, her eyes huge and distant. Rashel threw her arms around both of them. The relief that washed over her was almost more painful than the fear. Her legs literally felt as if they had no bones-she was going to collapse at any second. She was tottering. Ã¢â¬Å"YouÃ¢â¬â¢re alive,Ã¢â¬ she whispered into QuinnÃ¢â¬â¢s charred collar. Ã¢â¬Å"And you got her.Ã¢â¬ She could feel QuinnÃ¢â¬â¢s arm around her, holding hard. Nothing else seemed to matter. But now Quinn was taking his arm away, pushing her along the road. Ã¢â¬Å"Come on! WeÃ¢â¬â¢ve got to get to the wharf before they do.Ã¢â¬ In a flash, Rashel understood. She got a new grip on Timmy and turned to run toward the hiking path. Her knees were shaking, but she found she could make them move. They lurched down the path in the wild grass, Quinn supporting Nyala, she carrying Timmy. Rashel didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know how many vampires had made it out of the burning house-she hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t seen any- but she knew that any who did would head for the dock. Where she and Annelise had disabled the boats. But as the wharf came into view, Rashel saw something that hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t been there when she left it. There was a yacht in the harbor, swinging at anchor. Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s HunterÃ¢â¬â¢s,Ã¢â¬ Quinn said. Ã¢â¬Å"Hurry!Ã¢â¬ They were flying down the hill, staggering onto the wharf. Rashel saw no sign of the werewolf sheÃ¢â¬â¢d tied up earlier, but she saw something else new. An inflatable red dinghy was tied to the pier. Ã¢â¬Å"Quick! You get in first.Ã¢â¬ Rashel put Timmy down and got in. Quinn lifted Timmy into her arms, then put Nyala in. Nyala was staring around her now, laughing in spurts, then stopping to breathe hard. Rashel put her free arm around her as Quinn climbed in the dinghy. Every second, Rashel was expecting to see Hunter Redfern appear, blackened and smoldering, with his arms outstretched like some vengeful demon. And then the tiny motor was purring and they were moving away from the wharf. They were leaving it behind. They were on the ocean, the cool dark ocean, freeing themselves from land and danger. Rashel watched as the yacht got bigger and bigger. They were close to it now. They were there. Ã¢â¬Å"Come on. We can climb up the swimming ladder. Come on, fast,Ã¢â¬ Quinn said. He was reaching for her, his face unfamiliar in a mask of soot, his eyes intense. Absolutely focused, absolutely determined. Thank God he knows what to do on a boat. I wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t. She let Quinn help her up the ladder, then helped Timmy and Nyala. Nyala had stopped laughing entirely now. She was simply gasping, looking bewildered. Ã¢â¬Å"What happened? What-?Ã¢â¬ She stared toward the cliffs where orange flame was shooting into the sky. Ã¢â¬Å"I did that. Did I do that?Ã¢â¬ Quinn had pulled up the anchor. He was heading for the cockpit. Timmy was crying. Kneeling on the deck, Rashel held Nyala. NyalaÃ¢â¬â¢s eyelashes were burned to crisp curls. There was white ash on the ends. Her mouth was trembling and her body shook as if she were having convulsions. Ã¢â¬Å"I had to do it,Ã¢â¬ she got out in a thick voice. Ã¢â¬Å"You know I had to, Rashel.Ã¢â¬ Timmy sobbed on. A motor roared to life. All at once they were moving swiftly and the island with its burning torch was falling behind. Ã¢â¬Å"I had to,Ã¢â¬ Nyala said in a choked voice. Ã¢â¬Å"I had to. I had to.Ã¢â¬ Rashel leaned to rest her head on NyalaÃ¢â¬â¢s hair. Wind was whipping around her as they raced away. She held the tiny vampire in one arm and the trembling human girl in the other. And she watched the fire get smaller and smaller until it looked like a star on the ocean. How to cite Night World : The Chosen Chapter 16, Essay examples
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Describe about the En value Management for Progress of a Report. Answer: Introduction: The project management refers to the measurement of the cost and progress of a report (Burke 2013). In the case of any project, it is important to make predictions about the future costs and time required for doing the project work (Kerzner 2013). The project management task in this assignment is based on the case study of Australian Centre for Moving Images. The principal of the company is seeking tenders for the provision of computer servers, tape robot systems, data storage and other software devices for its use. The principal of the company has made a plan of purchases in the initial phase. There is also a provision of future purchase. The future purchase is going to be made in the due course; possibly in a period of 2 years. The objective of this report is to make a Gantt chart to execute the entire process and various earned values that would be required for the project. The project plan is done on the basis of the time provided in the case study document. The EV cost diagram a nd other cost diagram gives an idea about the cost that would be required on a regular basis. Discussion: The project report provides an idea about the number of days that would be required to execute the entire process of providing the tender. The case study report shows that the RFT of the Tender has been called on 19th of September 2016. The end period of questions or requests for information based on the tender is on 6th October 2016. Therefore, the time required for the entire process is 17 days. The end date of submitting the tender is 10th October 2016. The time required for the second task is 4 days. The next step in this project work is the completion of evaluation of the tender. The task will require 15 days. The next task is the negotiations with the tenderer. This process will require 7 days. The next step is to notify the tender. This will require 2 days. The next step is execution of proposed contact. The task will require 4 days. The next step is to find out the date of commencement of order. There are in all 9 tasks that are to be performed for this project. The Gantt cha rt for this report is given below: Task name 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Issue of RFT - Ending time of asking questions by the tenderer Closing time of submitting tender Completion of evaluation of tenders Negotiation of tenderer Formal notification of tenderer Execution of proposed contact Date of commencement of project Table: Gantt chart for the project (Source: Created by author) The next step is to construct the Variance analysis plan of the project. The variance analysis plan gives the planned value, earned value and the total cost required for the execution of the project. The following table gives the costs required for the project: Task Subtask Milestone Status PV EV AC Variance % Schedule Cost 1 Completed 150 100 100 -50 0 2 Completed 40 40 25 0 15 3 Completed 75 75 50 0 25 4 Completed 40 40 30 0 10 5 Completed 75 75 60 0 15 6 Completed 40 40 40 0 0 7 In progress 125 90 110 -35 -20 8 Not started 50 0 0 -50 0 Task Totals 595 460 415 Table: Variance analysis table (Source: Created by author) Estimated cost at completion: The estimated cost at completion is the expected cost required to complete the work. The expected cost to complete the project is 0 in the case of this project. Cost summary: This section describes the impact of the costs that are incurred in the business. The Actual cost of the entire task is less than the earned value. This indicates that there is no threat in the business. S Curve: The S curve is obtained by plotting the cost incurred in various tasks in the business against time. The S curve for this project is given below. Figure: S curve of cost (Source: Created by author) The S curve obtained from the given costs is shown above. The Planned Value of the costs is steeper than he earned value and actual costs. This shows that the Earned Value and actual costs is less than the planned value of the project. Forecast completion date: The project requires in all 58 days to be completed. The start date of the project is 19th September 2016. The end date of the project will be 8th December 2016. Milestone report: The milestone report required for completing the entire project is given below: Milestone Task Scheduled Completion Projected Completion Actual Completion Issue 1 16th September 2016 16th September 2016 16th September 2016 No issue 3 6th October 2016 6th October 2016 8th October 2016 The task is delayed due to the clarification required by tenderer 4 31st October 2016 31st October 2016 2nd November 2016 Due to delay in Tender Closing time 8 12th December 2016 12th December 2016 15th December 2016 Due to delay in Evaluation of contract. Table: Milestone report of the project (Source: Created by author) The above table gives the main milestones required for conducting the project. The milestones of the project are the task 1 that issue of RFT, closing time of submission of tender, completion of evaluation of tenders and the announcement of date of starting of contract. The first task does not have any delay. The time of answering the questions regarding the tender has been delayed. This has led to the delay of all the tasks. Event report: Current Problem Potential Impact Corrective Action There is a problem regarding the submission of tenders as some tenderer could not understand the terms and condition of the tender. The consecutive tasks are all delayed due to the execution of this task. The terms and condition of the tender should be posted in such a way so that it could be easily understood. Table: Event report (Source: Created by author) Conclusion: The project report gives an idea about the time and cost required for the execution of the project. The projected valuation as well as the actual cost is being discussed in this project. A Gantt chart has also been provided for the project. The Gantt chart gives an idea about the total number of days required to complete each task of the project. There is a delay in execution of the entire project work due to clarification required by the people. Therefore, it is recommended from the study that the terms and conditions of the tender should be clearly stated. This would reduce both the time and cost required for the project. References: Burke, R., 2013. Project management: planning and control techniques.New Jersey, USA. Kerzner, H.R., 2013.Project management: a systems approach to planning, scheduling, and controlling. John Wiley Sons.